UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2019

 

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Transition Period from _________ to _________

 

Commission file number: 333-150332

 

DRONE AVIATION HOLDING CORP.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   46-5538504
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

11651 Central Parkway #118

Jacksonville, FL

  32224
(Address of principal executive office)   (Zip Code)

 

(904) 834-4400

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
None   N/A   N/A

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Note: The registrant is a voluntary filer, but has filed all reports it would have been required to file by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months if it was subject to the filing requirements thereof.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒

 

As of November 14, 2019, there were 27,456,121 shares of registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

DRONE AVIATION HOLDING CORP.

 

INDEX
     
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
     
ITEM 1 Financial Statements (Unaudited) 1
  Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2019 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2018 1
  Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (Unaudited) 2
  Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (Unaudited) 3
  Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (Unaudited) 4
  Notes to Interim Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements 5
ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 18
ITEM 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 25
ITEM 4. Controls and Procedures 25
     
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
     
ITEM 1. Legal Proceedings 26
ITEM 1A. Risk Factors 26
ITEM 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 26
ITEM 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 27
ITEM 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 27
ITEM 5. Other Information 27
ITEM 6. Exhibits 27
     
SIGNATURES 28

 

i

 

 

PART I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1: FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

 

DRONE AVIATION HOLDING CORP.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

  

   9/30/2019   12/31/2018 
   (Unaudited)     
ASSETS        
         
CURRENT ASSETS:        
Cash  $1,624,758   $2,282,365 
Accounts receivable - trade   1,631,414    18,000 
Inventory, net   826,647    307,925 
Deferred offering costs   174,475    - 
Prepaid expenses and deposits   212,841    89,613 
           
Total current assets   4,470,135    2,697,903 
           
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, at cost:   280,981    176,955 
Less - accumulated depreciation   (159,052)   (123,725)
           
Net property and equipment   121,929    53,230 
           
OTHER ASSETS:          
Right of use leased assets   122,802    - 
Goodwill   99,799    99,799 
Intangible assets, net   486,667    705,667 
           
Total other assets   709,268    805,466 
           
TOTAL ASSETS  $5,301,332   $3,556,599 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY          
           
CURRENT LIABILITIES:          
Accounts payable - trade and accrued liabilities  $486,717   $485,024 
Bank line of credit   2,000,000    2,000,000 
Deferred revenue   22,500    - 
Operating lease liability   86,070    - 
           
Total current liabilities   2,595,287    2,485,024 
           
LONG TERM LIABILITIES:          
Operating lease liability   37,606    - 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES  $2,632,893   $2,485,024 
           
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES   -    - 
           
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY:          
Common stock, $.0001 par value; authorized 300,000,000 shares; 27,556,121 and 23,640,621 shares issued, 27,456,121 and 23, 640,621 outstanding, at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively   2,756    2,364 
Treasury stock   (50,000)   - 
Additional paid-in capital   41,662,837    39,541,301 
Retained deficit   (38,947,154)   (38,472,090)
           
Total stockholders' equity   2,668,439    1,071,575 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY  $5,301,332   $3,556,599 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

1

 

 

DRONE AVIATION HOLDING CORP.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)

 

   For the Three Months Ended   For the Nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30,   September 30,   September 30, 
   2019   2018   2019   2018 
                 
Revenues  $2,740,337   $84,815   $4,120,834   $995,838 
                     
Cost of goods sold   1,364,794    51,587    1,769,606    537,617 
                     
Gross profit   1,375,543    33,228    2,351,228    458,221 
                     
General and administrative expense   772,642    1,127,266    2,732,430    4,158,194 
                     
Income (Loss) from operations   602,901    (1,094,038)   (381,202)   (3,699,973)
                     
Other income (expense)                    
Interest income   11    -    944    - 
Interest expense   (28,616)   (95,828)   (94,806)   (244,283)
                     
Total other expense   (28,605)   (95,828)   (93,862)   (244,283)
                     
NET INCOME (LOSS)   574,296    (1,189,866)   (475,064)   (3,944,256)
                     
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - basic   27,527,860    9,182,470    27,232,357    9,182,470 
                     
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - diluted   32,876,627    9,182,470    27,232,357    9,182,470 
                     
Basic net income (loss) per share  $0.02   $(0.13)  $(0.02)  $(0.43)
                     
Diluted net income (loss) per share  $0.02   $(0.13)  $(0.02)  $(0.43)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

2

 

 

DRONE AVIATION HOLDING CORP.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT) (Unaudited) 

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018

 

                   Additional         
   Common Stock   Treasury Stock   Paid-in   Accumulated     
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Total 
                             
Balance - December 31, 2018   23,640,621   $2,364    -   $-   $39,541,301   $(38,472,090)  $1,071,575 
                                    
Net Loss - 1Q2019                            (1,103,174)   (1,103,174)
Stock Based Compensation - Non-employee Shares                       72,500         72,500 
Stock Based Compensation - Options and Warrants                       15,705         15,705 
Common stock issued for cash   4,015,500    402              1,957,348         1,957,750 
                                    
Balance - March 31, 2019   27,656,121   $2,766    -   $-   $41,586,854   $(39,575,264)  $2,014,356 
                                    
Net Income - 2Q2019                            53,814    53,814 
Stock Based Compensation - Non-employee Shares                       (10,000)        (10,000)
Stock Based Compensation - Options and Warrants                       35,807         35,807 
Common stock returned   (100,000)   (10)             10         - 
                                    
Balance - June 30, 2019   27,556,121   $2,756    -   $-   $41,612,671   $(39,521,450)  $2,093,977 
                                    
Net Income - 3Q2019                            574,296    574,296 
Stock Based Compensation - Non-employee Shares                       31,250         31,250 
Stock Based Compensation - Options and Warrants                       18,916         18,916 
Treasury stock purchased             (100,000)   (50,000)             (50,000)
                                    
Balance - September 30, 2019   27,556,121   $2,756    (100,000)  $(50,000)  $41,662,837   $(38,947,154)  $2,668,439 

 

                   Additional         
   Common Stock   Treasury Stock   Paid-in   Accumulated     
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Total 
                             
Balance - December 31, 2017   9,182,470   $918    -   $-   $27,692,067   $(29,996,777)  $(2,303,792)
                                    
Net Loss - 1Q2018                            (1,678,290)   (1,678,290)
Stock Based Compensation - Non-employee Shares                       39,791         39,791 
Stock Based Compensation - Options and Warrants                       39,405         39,405 
Stock Based Compensation - Employee Shares - Vesting for PY issuance                       944,300         944,300 
                                    
Balance - March 31, 2018   9,182,470   $918    -   $-   $28,715,563   $(31,675,067)  $(2,958,586)
                                    
Net Loss - 2Q2018                            (1,076,100)   (1,076,100)
Stock Based Compensation - Non-employee Shares                       (17,291)        (17,291)
Stock Based Compensation - Options and Warrants                       197,698         197,698 
                                    
Balance - June 30, 2018   9,182,470   $918    -   $-   $28,895,970   $(32,751,167)  $(3,854,279)
                                    
Net Loss - 3Q2018                            (1,189,866)   (1,189,866)
Stock Based Compensation - Options and Warrants                       443,541         443,541 
                                    
Balance - September 30, 2018   9,182,470   $918    -   $-   $29,339,511   $(33,941,033)  $(4,600,604)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

  

DRONE AVIATION HOLDING CORP.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

 

   For the Nine Months Ended 
   9/30/2019   9/30/2018 
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:        
Net loss  $(475,064)  $(3,944,256)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Depreciation expense   35,327    29,238 
Loss on disposal of property, plant, and equipment   -    10,002 
Amortization expense of intangible assets   219,000    219,000 
Noncash lease expense   66,961    - 
Stock based compensation   164,178    1,647,444 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (1,613,414)   44,305 
Inventory   (518,722)   (769,966)
Deferred offering costs   (174,475)   - 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   (123,228)   3,238 
Operating lease obligation   (66,087)   - 
Accounts payable and accrued expense   1,693    447,943 
Deferred revenue   22,500    9,800 
Due from related party   -    11,937 
           
Net cash used in operating activities   (2,461,331)   (2,291,315)
           
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:          
Cash received from sale of vehicle   -    60,000 
Cash paid on fixed assets   (104,026)   (5,279)
           
Net cash provided by (used) in investing activities   (104,026)   54,721 
           
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:          
Proceeds from sale of common stock   1,957,750    - 
Acquisition of treasury stock   (50,000)   - 
Proceeds from related party convertible note payable   -    900,000 
Proceeds from bank line of credit   -    900,000 
           
Net cash provided by financing activities   1,907,750    1,800,000 
           
NET DECREASE IN CASH   (657,607)   (436,594)
           
CASH, beginning of period   2,282,365    615,375 
           
CASH, end of period  $1,624,758   $178,781 
           
Noncash investing and financing activities for the nine months ended September 30:          
ROU assets and operating lease obligations recognized  $189,763   $- 
           
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:          
Cash paid during the nine months ended September 30:          
Interest  $94,806   $232,255 
Income taxes  $-   $- 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

DRONE AVIATION HOLDING CORP.

NOTES TO INTERIM UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Period Ended September 30, 2019

 

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

The following unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Accordingly, such interim financial statements do not include all the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete annual financial statements. The information furnished reflects all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring items which are, in the opinion of management, necessary in order to make the financial statements not misleading. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. The balance sheet as of December 31, 2018 has been derived from the Company’s annual financial statements that were audited by an independent registered public accounting firm but does not include all of the information and footnotes required for complete annual financial statements. The unaudited consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 filed by Drone Aviation Holding Corp. (“we”, “our”, “the Company”) with the SEC on March 22, 2019. 

 

Revenue Recognition

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09 (Topic 606), “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” Topic 606 supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605, “Revenue Recognition” and requires entities to recognize revenues when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The principles in the standard are applied in five steps: 1) identify the contract(s) with a customer; 2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; 3) determine the transaction price; 4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and 5) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The Company adopted Topic 606 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method. The Company recognized the cumulative effect of adopting this guidance as an adjustment to our opening balance of retained earnings. Prior periods will not be retrospectively adjusted. The adoption of Topic 606 does not have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements, including the presentation of revenues in our Consolidated Statements of Operations, which were not broken down by revenue stream or geographic areas since the Company only sells within the United States and has only one revenue stream.

 

Leases

 

Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”) using the required modified retrospective approach. The most significant changes under the new guidance include clarification of the definition of a lease, and the requirements for lessees to recognize a Right of Use (“ROU”) asset and a lease liability for all qualifying leases with terms longer than twelve months in the consolidated balance sheet. In addition, under Topic 842, additional disclosures are required to meet the objective of enabling users of financial statements to assess the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. See Footnote #13 below for more detail on the Company’s accounting with respect to lease accounting.

 

Income (Loss) Per Common Share

 

Basic net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding. Diluted net income (loss) per common share is computed similar to basic net income (loss) per common share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the potential common shares had been issued and if the additional common shares were dilutive. The dilutive effect of the Company’s options and warrants is computed using the treasure stock method.

 

5

 

 

The following table sets for the computation of basic and diluted income (loss) per share:

 

   For the Three Months Ended  

For the Nine Months

Ended

 
   Sept 30,   Sept 30,   Sept 30,   Sept 30, 
   2019   2018   2019   2018 
Numerator:                
Net Income (Loss)  $574,296   $(1,189,866)  $(475,064)  $(3,944,256)
                     
Numerator for basic and diluted EPS - income (loss) available to common Shareholders  $574,296   $(1,189,866)  $(475,064)  $(3,944,256)
                     
Denominator:                    
Denominator for basic EPS - Weighted average shares   27,527,860    9,182,470    27,232,357    9,182,470 
Dilutive Effect of Warrants and Options   5,348,767    -    -    - 
Denominator for diluted EPS - adjusted Weighted average shares and assumed Conversions   32,876,627    9,182,470    27,232,357    9,182,470 
Basic and Diluted income (loss) per common share  $0.02   $(0.13)  $(0.02)  $(0.43)

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation – Stock Based Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2018-7”), which aligns accounting for share-based payments issued to nonemployees to that of employees under the existing guidance of Topic 718, with certain exceptions. This update supersedes previous guidance for equity-based payments to nonemployees under Subtopic 505-50, Equity – Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees. The adoption of ASU 2018-07 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

2. MANAGEMENT’S LIQUIDITY PLANS

 

On August 27, 2014, FASB issued ASU 2014-05, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern, which requires management to assess a company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year from financial statement issuance and to provide related footnote disclosures in certain circumstances.

 

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements and notes have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company incurred a net loss of $475,064, generated positive cash flow from operations, has an accumulated deficit of $38,947,154 and working capital of $1,874,848.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company disclosed that its ability to continue as a going concern was predicated on the Company’s ability to create and market innovative products, raise capital, reduce debt or renegotiate terms, and to sustain adequate working capital to finance its operations. During 2018, the Company met or exceeded those predications. In 2018, the Company made a strategic decision to focus on its aerostats, WASP and WASP Lite, and opportunities for those products with military and government customers, resulting in an order valued in excess of $3.7 million which was announced in December 2018 and expected to be delivered by the end of 2019. In December 2018 and January 2019, the Company raised over $4,000,000 through stock sales which will provide ample working capital to produce WASP systems. In December 2018, the holders of $5,000,000 in convertible notes exercised their rights to convert to equity, leaving only $2,000,000 in bank debt on the books. As of September 30, 2019, the Company has $1,874,848 in positive working capital, an improvement of $1,661,969 over the working capital balance at the end of 2018 which was $212,879.

 

6

 

 

The focus on opportunities for aerostats, the settlement of debt obligations, the funds generated from stock sales and other initiatives contributing to additional working capital should avoid any substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern as defined by ASU 2014-05. We believe that the actions discussed above mitigate the substantial doubt raised by our recent operating losses and satisfy our estimated liquidity needs twelve months from the issuance of the financial statements. However, we cannot predict, with certainty, the outcome of our actions to generate liquidity and the failure to do so could negatively impact our future operations.

 

3. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

The Company accounts for related party transactions in accordance with the FASB’s Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 850, “Related Party Disclosures.” A party is considered to be related to the Company if the party directly or indirectly or through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the Company. Related parties also include principal owners of the Company, its management, members of the immediate families of principal owners of the Company and its management and other parties with which the Company may deal if one party controls or can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the other to an extent that one of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests. A party is also a related party if it can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the transacting parties or if it has an ownership interest in one of the transacting parties and can significantly influence the other to an extent that one or more of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests.  

 

On November 10, 2017, the Company and Global Security Innovative Strategies, LLC (“GSIS”), a related party, entered in an agreement (the “GSIS Agreement”) pursuant to which GSIS agreed to provide business development support and general consulting services for sales opportunities with U.S. government agencies and other identified prospects and consulting support services for the Company. The GSIS Agreement had an initial term of six months beginning on November 1, 2017. On September 26, 2018, the parties amended the GSIS Agreement to extend the period of service through September 2019 with monthly automatic renewals thereafter. The Company also agreed to issue an option to purchase 100,000 shares of Company stock. This option immediately vested, had a strike price of $1.00, and terminates on September 26, 2022. Pursuant to the GSIS Agreement, the Company pays GSIS a fee of $10,000 per month. In addition, the Company agreed to pay the expenses of GSIS incurred in connection with the performance of its duties under the GSIS Agreement. Either party may terminate or renew the GSIS Agreement at any time, for any reason or no reason, upon at least 30 days’ notice to the other party. David Aguilar, a member of the Company’s board of directors, is a principal at GSIS. GSIS was owed $20,000 for normal monthly retainers at September 30, 2019.

 

On March 21, 2019, concurrent with the resignation of Kevin Hess, the Company’s Chief Technology Officer, the Company and Cognitive Carbon Corporation (“CCC”), a related party, entered into an agreement pursuant to which CCC agreed to provide Chief Technology Officer services, sales and marketing services and outsourced software and platform development services to be provided personally by Kevin Hess or third-party development firms of his choosing for outsourced development. CCC will receive $19,750 per month for one year for the Chief Technology Officer services and potential bonuses and an amount up to $120,000 for outsourced software and platform development. Felicia Hess, the Company’s Chief Quality Officer, who is married to Kevin Hess, is the President and Director of CCC. CCC was owed $23,000 for normal monthly fees at September 30, 2019.

 

4. INVENTORIES

 

Inventories are stated at the net realizable value, using the first-in first-out method. Cost includes materials, labor and manufacturing overhead related to the purchase and production of inventories. We regularly review inventory quantities on hand, future purchase commitments with our supplies, and the estimated utility of our inventory. If the review indicates a reduction in utility below carrying value, we reduce our inventory to a new cost basis through a charge to cost of goods sold. At September 30, 2019, the increase in inventory is primarily related to WASP and WASP Lite systems in production pursuant to announced orders. Inventory consists of the following at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018: 

 

   September 30,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Raw Materials  $565,749   $136,555 
Work in progress   273,337    180,041 
Finished Goods   517,521    523,698 
In transit   2,409    - 
Less valuation allowance   (532,369)   (532,369)
Total  $826,647   $307,925 

 

7

 

 

5. PREPAID EXPENSES

 

Prepaid expenses consisted of the following at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

 

   September 30,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Prepaid insurance  $45,694   $28,828 
Prepaid products and services   157,147    54,870 
Deferred offering costs   174,475    - 
Prepaid rent and security deposit   10,000    5,915 
   $387,316   $89,613 

 

6. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property and equipment is recorded at cost when acquired.  Depreciation is provided principally on the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets, which is 3-7 years for equipment, furniture and fixtures, hardware and software and leasehold improvements.   During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company invested $20,133 in computers for new hires. The Company also invested $59,660 in new shop equipment, $1,266 in office furnishings and $22,967 in leasehold improvements, primarily in connection with the opening of a satellite location for aerostat manufacturing. Depreciation expense was $35,327 and $29,238 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Property and equipment consists of the following at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

 

   September 30,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Shop machinery and equipment  $147,194   $87,534 
Computers and electronics   52,226    32,093 
Office furniture and fixtures   39,080    37,814 
Leasehold improvements   42,481    19,514 
    280,981    176,955 
Less - accumulated depreciation   (159,052)   (123,725)
   $121,929   $53,230 

 

7. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

On July 20, 2015, the Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Drone AFS Corp., purchased substantially all the assets of Adaptive Flight, Inc. (“AFI”), a Georgia corporation. The Company purchased assets, including, but not limited to, intellectual property, licenses and permits, including commercial software licenses for the GUST (Georgia Tech UAV Simulation Tool) autopilot system and other transferable licenses which include flight simulation and fault tolerant flight control algorithms. The Company paid $100,000 in immediately available funds and $100,000 to be held in escrow. In addition, the Company issued 150,000 shares of unregistered common stock valued at $8.40 per share, on a post-October 29, 2015 reverse stock split basis, on the date of agreement, to be held in escrow.

 

8

 

 

The Company had a milestone of twelve months to complete a technology integration plan, the non-completion of which could result in the return of the purchased assets and termination of the Company’s obligations to release the escrow cash and shares. Additional milestones included exclusive, no-cost and perpetual licenses to all contributing intellectual property included or related to the purchased assets. As such time as all milestones were met, one-half of the escrow shares were to be released to AFI. Upon termination of the escrow agreement, anticipated to be twelve months from the closing of the asset purchase, if all milestones had been met, the remaining escrow shares would be released to AFI; but if all milestones have not been met, the escrow cash and escrow shares would be released to the Company and the purchased assets would be returned to AFI. According to the terms of the Escrow Agreement, if the escrow share value was less than $1,400,000, the Company must issue an additional number of unregistered shares, not to exceed 50,000 shares. At December 31, 2015, the value of the 150,000 shares was $3.23 per share, or $484,500. The Company recorded $161,500 as an additional liability and expense at December 31, 2015 for the cost of 50,000 shares at $3.23 per share. On June 3, 2016, the Integration Plan was deemed to be completed. At June 3, 2016, the value of the 150,000 shares was $3.01 per share, or $451,150. The additional liability was reduced to $150,500 for the cost of 50,000 shares at $3.01 per share. The Company recorded the $11,000 reduction in the additional liability through the statement of operations at June 3, 2016. The Company began amortizing the $1,460,000 of purchased assets over a sixty-month period on June 3, 2016 in the amount of $24,333 per month. Total amortization expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $219,000. The remaining unamortized balance of $486,667 is estimated be amortized in the estimated amounts of $73,000 during 2019, $292,000 during 2020 and $121,667 in 2021.

 

The asset acquisition did not qualify as a business combination under ASC 805-10 and has been accounted for as a regular asset purchase.

  

8. SUBSCRIPTION NOTES RECEIVABLE, INCLUDING RELATED PARTY

 

On January 25, 2019, the Company completed the sale of 4,015,500 shares of its common stock pursuant to the Amended and Restated Stock Purchase Agreement (discussed below in Footnote #10 – Shareholders’ Equity) at $0.50 per share for an aggregate of $2,007,750. The aggregate consideration consisted of (1) cash in the aggregate amount of $1,432,750, (2) a promissory note from a single non-affiliate investor in the aggregate principal amount of $500,000, (3) a full-recourse promissory note payable by Daniyel Erdberg, the Company’s President, in the amount of $50,000, and (4) a full-recourse promissory note payable by Kendall Carpenter, the Company’s Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, in the amount of $25,000. Each note bears an interest rate at a fixed rate of 3% per annum and principal and interest under the notes may be prepaid at any time without penalty. The non-affiliate note was fully repaid on February 8, 2019, including $575 in accrued interest. Each of the Erdberg and Carpenter notes has a maturity date of January 25, 2020. The principal amount of the Carpenter note was reduced by $7,500 on January 28, 2019. On April 30, 2019, Kendall Carpenter repaid the remaining principal balance of the $17,500 note, including $134 in accrued interest. On April 30, 2019, Daniyel Erdberg entered into a Stock Redemption and Note Cancellation Agreement whereby the Company redeemed 100,000 shares of common stock paid pursuant to the note described above and cancelled the $50,000 note and the related $267 in accrued interest.

  

9

 

 

9. REVOLVING LINE OF CREDIT

 

On August 2, 2017, the Company issued a promissory note (the “CNB Note”) to City National Bank of Florida (“CNB”) in the principal amount of $2,000,000, with a maturity date of August 2, 2018. On September 26, 2018, the Company and CNB agreed to extend the maturity date of the CNB Note to August 2, 2019. On August 29, 2019, the Company and CNB agreed to extend the maturity date of the CNB Note to August 2, 2020. The Company evaluated the modification under the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (the “FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 470-50 and determined that it did not qualify as an extinguishment of debt. The CNB Note evidences the CNB Line of Credit with advances that may be requested by the Company until the maturity date of August 2, 2020 so long as no event of default exists under the CNB Note, the Company or Jay H. Nussbaum or his estate, the Company’s former Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, does not cease doing business, Mr. Nussbaum or his estate does not seek to revoke or modify his guarantee of the CNB Note, the Company does not misapply the proceeds of this loan or CNB in good faith does not believe itself insecure. The initial CNB Note bore an interest rate at a variable rate equal to 0.250 percentage points over the Wall Street Journal Prime Rate payable monthly. At renewal, the variable rate was modified to reflect the average of the interest rates per annum at which United States Dollars are offered in the London Interbank Borrowing Market (“Libor”) for a 30-day period (the “Index”) plus 2.9 percentage points over the Index, or a total of 5.09% annual interest rate as of August 29, 2019. The Company will pay to CNB a late charge of 5.0% of any monthly payment not received by CNB within 10 calendar days after its due date. The Company may prepay the CNB Note at any time without penalty. In the event of a default, the interest rate will increase to the highest lawful rate. The Company is obligated to maintain depository accounts with CNB with a minimum average annual balance of $1,600,000 in the aggregate with Mr. Nussbaum or his estate. In the event the Company does not maintain this account balance, CNB may charge the Company a fee equal to 2% of the deficiency as additional interest under the CNB Note. The CNB Note is personally guaranteed by Mr. Nussbaum and his estate pursuant to a written guarantee in favor of CNB. Mr. Nussbaum and his estate and the Company are obligated to maintain an aggregate unencumbered liquidity of no less than $6,000,000 in the form of cash, repurchase agreements, certificates of deposit or marketable securities acceptable to CNB. In addition, to secure the Company’s obligations under the CNB Note, the Company entered into a security agreement in favor of CNB encumbering all of the Company’s accounts, inventory and equipment along with an assignment of a bank account the Company maintains at CNB with a balance of $120,000. As of September 30, 2019, $2,000,000 has been drawn against the CNB Line of Credit. Accrued interest of $8,097 related to the CNB Line of Credit has been recorded as of September 30, 2019.

  

Indemnification Agreement

 

On August 3, 2017, the Company entered into an Indemnification Agreement with Mr. Nussbaum in order to indemnify and defend him to the fullest extent permitted by law for any claim, expense or obligation which might arise as a result of his guarantee of the CNB Note.

 

10.SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2019

 

On September 4, 2019, the Company entered into a Stock Redemption Agreement with Director Robert Guerra concurrent with his resignation from the board of directors. The Company reacquired the 100,000 shares of common stock for $50,000, the same price Mr. Guerra purchased the shares for on January 25, 2019.

 

On January 25, 2019, the Company completed the sale of 3,915,500 shares of its common stock pursuant to the Amended and Restated Stock Purchase Agreement dated December 21, 2018 at $0.50 per share for an adjusted aggregate of $1,957,750 in cash, described above in Footnote #8.

 

On October 25, 2018, the Board approved Amendment No. 3 to the August 27, 2014 Independent Contractor Agreements it entered into with Dr. Philip Frost and Steven Rubin who serve as members of the Company’s Strategic Advisory Board (the “SAB Amendments”). The SAB Amendments extend the term of the agreements from November 1, 2018 until October 31, 2019 and provide for the following equity-based compensation: (a) for Dr. Frost, an award of 150,000 shares of the Company’s unregistered restricted Common Stock and (b) for Mr. Rubin, an award of 100,000 shares of the Company’s unregistered restricted Common Stock. The restricted stock vests upon the occurrence of a change of control (as defined in the SAB Amendments). The Company recognized $93,750 expense for the pro rata portion of shares earned by the two members during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, amortizing the expense over the 12 months of the service agreement regardless of the vesting condition. As of September 30, 2019, the Company had unamortized stock compensation of $10,417 related to these two stock awards. 

 

10

 

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018

 

On August 3, 2017, the Company entered into an amendment to the August 24, 2014 Independent Contractor Agreements it entered into with Dr. Philip Frost and Steven Rubin who serve as members of the Company’s Strategic Advisory Board (the “SAB Amendments”). The SAB Amendments extend the term of the agreements from May 1, 2017 until April 30, 2018 and provide for the following equity based compensation: (a) for Dr. Frost, a warrant to purchase 2,000,000 shares of the Company’s Common Stock (the “Frost Warrant”) and an award of 150,000 shares of the Company’s unregistered restricted Common Stock and (b) for Mr. Rubin, an award of 100,000 shares of the Company’s unregistered restricted Common Stock. The restricted stock vests upon the occurrence of a change of control (as defined in the SAB Amendments). The Warrant has a term of five years and exercise price of $1.00 per share subject to proportional adjustment in the event of stock splits, stock dividends and similar corporate events. The Company recognized $22,500 expense for the pro rata portion of shares earned by the two members during the nine months ended September 30, 2018, amortizing the expense over the 12 months of the service agreement regardless of the vesting condition.

 

In September 2016, the Company issued 1,349,000 shares of restricted common stock outside of the 2015 Equity Plan to Jay Nussbaum, Felicia Hess, Daniyel Erdberg, Kendall Carpenter, Mike Silverman and Reginald Brown pursuant to Stock Award Agreements. The shares will vest upon consummation of a significant equity and/or debt financing of at least $5,000,000 provided that the holder remains engaged by the Company through the vesting date. On August 3, 2017, these awards were modified so that the restrictions set forth in the RSA lapse upon the earlier of (i) consummation of a significant equity and/or debt financing from which the Company receives gross proceeds of at least $7,000,000 or (ii) a change in control (as defined in the RSA Amendment), provided that, in either case, the holder remains engaged by the Company through the date of such event. The Company does not believe the modified vesting conditions are probable of being achieved, and as such, no stock-based compensation expense has been recorded. The Company will reassess whether achievement of the vesting conditions is probable at each reporting date. If it is probable, stock-based compensation will be recognized. 

 

On March 28, 2018, these awards were modified in recognition of the Company securing a substantial sales order and recent business development activity and vested on that date. On that date, the awards were determined to be probable for vesting and stock-based compensation was recognized based on the fair market value of the stock on March 28, 2018. The Company recorded $944,300 in stock-based compensation for these awards during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

  

11.EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTIONS

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2019

 

On March 20, 2019, the Company’s board of directors approved option grants to two employees outside its 2015 Equity Plan. One grant, relating to the option to purchase 30,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, vests after one year, and one grant, relating to the option to purchase 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, vests after two years. These stock options have an exercise price of $1.06 per share and expire on March 20, 2023. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, $29,123 in compensation expense was recognized on these two options with a remaining balance of $60,094 to be recognized over the vesting period as of September 30, 2019.

 

On March 28, 2018, upon approval of the Company’s board of directors, the Company granted to Robert Guerra, a newly appointed director, an option to purchase 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock outside its 2015 Equity Plan. The option vests 50% one year after the date of grant and the remaining 50% two years after the date of grant provided the director is still actively involved with the Company. The option has an exercise price of $1.00 per share and expires on March 28, 2022. Mr. Guerra voluntarily resigned as a director on September 4, 2019. The unvested 50,000 options were immediately cancelled. Mr. Guerra did not exercise the 50,000 vested option within 30 days of his termination resulting in a cancelation of that option. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, ($2,789) and $14,599 in compensation expense was recognized, respectively, on this option with a remaining balance of $0 to be recognized.

  

On May 16, 2018, upon approval of the Company’s board of directors, the Company granted options to purchase shares of its common stock outside its 2015 Equity Plan to four employees. Reginald Brown, Jr. was issued an option to purchase 200,000 shares of common stock, and Kendall Carpenter, the Company’s Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, was issued an option to purchase 130,000 shares of common stock. These options were immediately vested, have an exercise price of $1.00 per share and expire May 16, 2022. Two engineers received options to purchase an aggregate of 130,000 shares of common stock. These options vest 50% after one year and the remaining 50% after two years, have an exercise price of $1.00 per share and expire May 16, 2022. One of the engineers terminated during the first quarter of 2019, before his option relating to 40,000 shares vested, and $7,376 in previously recognized 2018 expense was reversed due to option expiration. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, $13,344 compensation expense was recognized on the remaining option to purchase 90,000 shares, with a remaining balance of $55,85 to be recognized over the vesting period as of September 30, 2019.

 

11

 

 

On December 13, 2017, upon approval of the Company’s board of directors the Company issued outside its 2015 Equity Plan, 100,000 options each to two newly-appointed directors, or a total of 200,000 options. These options vest 50% after one year and the remaining 50% after two years provided the director is still actively involved with the Company. The options are exercisable at an exercise price of $1.00 per share and expire on December 13, 2021. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, $20,136 and $54,638 compensation expense was recognized, respectively, on these 200,000 options with a remaining balance of $5,411 to be recognized over the vesting period as of September 30, 2019.

 

The Company used the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate the fair value on the date of grant of the options to purchase 130,000 shares of common stock granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

 

The following table summarizes the assumptions used to estimate the fair value of stock options granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 on the date of the grant:

 

   2019 
Expected dividend yield   0%
Expected volatility   90%
Risk-free interest rate   2.40-2.47%
Expected life of options   4.0 years 

 

Under the Black-Scholes option pricing model, the fair value of the options to purchase an aggregate of 130,000 shares of common stock granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is estimated at $89,217 on the date of grant.

 

The following table represents stock option activity as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2019:

 

   Number of Options   Weighted
Average
Exercise Price per Share
   Weighted
Average
Contractual
Life in
Years
   Aggregate Intrinsic
Value
 
Outstanding – December 31, 2018   13,990,000   $0.61    3.15      
Exercisable – December 31, 2018   13,610,000   $0.59    3.16   $0 
Granted   130,000   $1.06           
Cancelled or Expired   (100,000)  $0.95           
Outstanding – September 30, 2019   14,020,000   $0.61    1.85      
Exercisable – September 30, 2019   13,745,000   $0.60    1.83   $3,796,960 

 

12

 

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018

 

On September 26, 2018, upon approval of the Company’s board of directors, the Company granted outside its 2015 Equity Plan, 6,000,000 options to five management employees and four directors. Jay Nussbaum was issued 2,350,000 options, Felicia Hess was issued 1,000,000 options, Daniyel Erdberg was issued 1,000,000 options, Kendall Carpenter was issued 425,000 options, Reginald Brown, Jr. was issued 1,000,000 options. Director David Aguilar was issued 150,000 options and Directors John Miller, Timothy Hoechst and Robert Guerra were each issued 25,000 options. The options vest upon the Company receiving an aggregate of $4,000,000 in new orders from a prime government contractor or directly from the U.S. government at any time commencing after the date of issuance. The options are exercisable at an exercise price of $.65 per share and expire September 26, 2022. Of these 6,000,000 options, 5,000,000 options have been accounted for as a modification of the August 22, 2018 options. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, $360,593 compensation expense was recognized on these 6,000,000 options with a remaining balance of $2,238,087 to be recognized over the assumed vesting period.

 

On August 22, 2018, upon approval of the Company’s board of directors, the Company granted outside its 2015 Equity Plan, an aggregate of 5,000,000 options to five management employees and four directors. Included in this award were the following grants to Executive Officers and Directors of the Company: 1,950,000 options to Jay Nussbaum, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors, 800,000 options to Felicia Hess, Chief Operating Officer, 800,000 options to Daniyel Erdberg, President, 300,000 options to Kendall Carpenter, Chief Financial Officer and the following directors of the Company: 150,000 options to David Aguilar, 25,000 options to John Miller, 25,000 options to Timothy Hoechst and 25,000 options to Robert Guerra. The options vest upon the Company receiving an aggregate of $4,000,000 in new orders from a prime government contractor or directly from the U.S. government at any time commencing after the date of issuance. The options are exercisable at an exercise price of $1.00 per share and expire August 22, 2022. On September 26, 2018, the Board resolved to cancel the Options to purchase 5,000,000 shares of common stock issued on August 22, 2018 that had not vested.

 

On May 16, 2018, upon approval of the Company’s board of directors, the Company granted outside its 2015 Equity Plan, 460,000 options to four employees. Reginald Brown, Jr. was issued 200,000 options and Kendall Carpenter was issued 130,000 options which were immediately vested, are exercisable at an exercise price of $1.00 per share and expire May 16, 2022. Two engineers received a total of 130,000 shares which vest 50% after one year and the remaining 50% after two years, are exercisable at an exercise price of $1.00 per share and expire May 16, 2022. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, $165,354 compensation expense was recognized on these 460,000 options with a remaining balance of $36,727 to be recognized over the vesting period.

 

On March 28, 2018, upon approval of the Company’s board of directors, the Company granted outside its 2015 Equity Plan, 100,000 options each to a newly-appointed director, Robert Guerra. These options vest 50% one year after the date of grant and the remaining 50% two years after the date of grant provided the director is still actively involved with the Company. The options are exercisable at an exercise price of $1.00 per share and expire on March 28, 2022. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, $14,599 compensation expense was recognized on these 100,000 options with a remaining balance of $23,990 to be recognized over the vesting period.

 

On December 13, 2017, upon approval of the Company’s board of directors, the Company issued outside its 2015 Equity Plan, 100,000 options each to two newly-appointed directors, or a total of 200,000 options. These options vest 50% after one year and the remaining 50% after two years provided the director is still actively involved with the Company. The options are exercisable at an exercise price of $1.00 per share and expire on December 13, 2021. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and twelve months ended December 31, 2017, $54,638 and $3,593, respectively, compensation expense was recognized on these 200,000 options with a remaining balance of $41,558 to be recognized over the vesting period.

 

During 2016, the Company granted 10,000 options to an employee with two-year vesting and an exercise price of $3.00 and an expiration date of December 6, 2019. The Company recognized $1,105 in compensation for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. No additional compensation was recognized on these options which were cancelled due to the termination of the employee.

 

On June 1, 2015, the Company issued an option award to an employee for 37,500 shares vesting over three years with an exercise price of $10.80 and expiration date of May 4, 2019. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, $14,369 compensation expense was recognized on these 37,500 options. No additional compensation was recognized on these options which were cancelled due to the termination of the employee.

 

13

 

 

On January 9, 2017, the Company issued an option to purchase 100,000 shares of common stock with an exercise price of $2.90 per share to a director. The option vests 50,000 after one year from grant date and another 50,000 two years from grant date with an expiration date of four years from grant date provided that the Director is still providing service to the Company. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, $33,836 compensation expense was recognized on these 100,000 options.

 

The following table summarizes the assumptions used to estimate the fair value of the 11,560,000 stock options granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 on the date of grant.

 

   2018 
     
Expected dividend yield   0%
Expected volatility   80-97%
Risk-free interest rate   2.48-2.89%
Expected life of options   4.00 years 

  

Under the Black-Scholes option pricing model, the fair value of the 11,560,000 options granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 is estimated at $2,839,360 on the date of grant. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, $540,546 compensation expense was recognized on these 11,560,000 options.

 

The following table represents stock option activity as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:

 

   Number of Options   Weighted
Average
Exercise Price per Share
   Weighted Average Contractual Life in Years   Aggregate Intrinsic
Value
 
Outstanding – December 31, 2017   7,945,000   $1.38    3.50            
Exercisable – December 31, 2017   7,627,500   $1.35    3.50   $0 
Granted   11,560,000   $0.82           
Cancelled or Expired   (5,425,000)  $1.33           
Outstanding – September 30, 2018   14,080,000   $0.94    3.39   $0 
Exercisable – September 30, 2018   7,600,000   $1.15    2.92   $0 

 

12.WARRANTS

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2019

 

On March 20, 2019, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock outside its 2015 Equity Plan to a contractor for services. This warrant has an exercise price of $1.06 per share and an expiration date of March 20, 2023, and vests after one year.

  

The following table summarizes the assumptions used to estimate the fair value of the warrants granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 on the date of grant.

 

14

 

 

   September 30,
2019
 
     
Expected dividend yield   0%
Expected volatility   90%
Risk-free interest rate   2.40%
Expected life of warrants   4.0 years 

  

Under the Black-Scholes option pricing model, the fair value of the warrant to purchase 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is estimated at $33,913 on the date of grant. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, $17,990 in compensation expense was recognized on this warrant with a total of $15,934 to be recognized over the vesting period as of September 30, 2019.

   

The following table represents warrant activity as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2019:

 

 

   Number of Warrants   Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
   Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life in Years   Aggregate Intrinsic
Value
 
Outstanding – December 31, 2018   2,280,000   $0.72    3.44      
Exercisable – December 31, 2018   2,280,000   $0.72    3.44   $0.00 
Granted   50,000   $1.06           
Forfeited or Expired   (60,000)  $2.91           
Outstanding – September 30, 2019   2,270,000   $0.67    2.79   $0.00 
Exercisable – September 30, 2019   2,220,000   $0.66    2.78   $733,900 

  

The following table represents warrant activity as of and for nine months ended September 30, 2018:

 

   Number of Warrants   Weighted
Average
Exercise Price per Share
   Weighted Average Contractual Life in Years   Aggregate Intrinsic
Value
 
Outstanding – December 31, 2017   2,232,500   $1.36    4.34          
Exercisable – December 31, 2017   2,232,500   $1.36    4.34   $0 
Granted   100,000   $1.00           
Forfeited or Expired   (37,500)  $10.00           
Outstanding – September 30, 2018   2,295,000   $1.20    3.67   $0 
Exercisable – September 30, 2018   2,295,000   $1.20    3.67   $0 

 

15

 

 

13.LEASES

 

As of September 30, 2019, the Company has two operating leases for office and manufacturing space which are further described below in Footnote #14 and no financial leases. The impact of ASU No. 2016-02 (“Leases (Topic 842)” on our consolidated balance sheet beginning January 1, 2019 was through the recognition of ROU assets and lease liabilities for operating leases. Amounts recognized at January 1 and March 1, 2019 for operating leases are as follows:

 

   January 1,
2019
 
ROU Assets  $116,876 
Lease liability  $116,876 

 

   March 1,
2019
 
ROU Assets  $72,887 
Lease liability  $72,887 

 

The Company elected the practical expedient under ASU 2018-11 “Leases: Targeted Improvements” which allows the Company to apply the transition provision for Topic 842 at the Company’s adoption date instead of at the earlies comparative period presented in the financial statements. Therefore, the Company recognized and measured leases existing at January 1, 2019 but without retrospective application. In addition, the Company elected the optional practical expedient permitted under the transition guidance which allows the Company to carry forward the historical accounting treatment for existing lease upon adoption. No impact was recorded to the income statement or beginning retained earnings for Topic 842.

  

The leased properties have a remaining lease term of nineteen months to thirty-seven months as of January 1, 2019. Neither lease has an option to extend beyond the stated termination date.

 

Beginning January 1, 2019, operating ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of lease payments, including annual rent increases, over the lease term at commencement date. Operating leases in effect prior to January 1, 2019 were recognized at the present value of the remaining payments on the remaining lease term as of January 1, 2019. Because neither of our leases included an implicit rate of return, we used our incremental secured borrowing rate based on lease term information available as of the adoption date or lease commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. The incremental borrowing rate on the Jacksonville lease is 5.9% and the incremental borrowing rate on the Holly Hill lease is 5.5%.

 

Other information related to our operating leases are as follows:

 

   September 30,
2019
 
ROU Asset – January 1, 2019  $116,876 
Increase  $72,887 
Amortization  $(66,961)
ROU Asset – September 30, 2019  $122,802 
      
Lease liability – January 1, 2019  $116,876 
Increase  $72,887 
Amortization  $(66,087)
Lease liability – September 30, 2019  $123,676 
      
Lease liability – short term  $86,070 
Lease liability – long term  $37,606 
Lease liability – total  $123,676 

 

16

 

 

As of September 30, 2019, our operating leases had a weighted average remaining lease term of 1.56 years and a weighted average discount rate of 5.70%.

  

The table below reconciles the fixed component of the undiscounted cash flows for each of the first five years and the total remaining years to the lease liabilities recorded on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2019:

  

   Operating Leases 
Amounts due within twelve months of September 30,     
      
2019  $90,020 
2020   25,964 
2021   13,129 
2022   - 
2023   - 
thereafter   - 
Total minimum lease payments   129,113 
Less: effect of discounting   5,437 
Present Value of future minimum lease payments   123,676 
Less: current obligations under leases   86,070 
Long-term lease obligations  $37,606 

 

14. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

On November 17, 2014, the Company entered into a 60-month lease for 5,533 square feet of office and manufacturing space at 11651 Central Parkway, Suite 118, Jacksonville, Florida, with an anticipated lease commencement date of February 1, 2015. The actual commencement date was July 1, 2015 and the lease was amended to 61 months expiring July 31, 2020. The monthly rent, including operating expenses and sales tax, for each year of the initial lease term is estimated to be $5,915.

 

On March 1, 2019, the Company entered into a 37-month lease for 2,390 square feet of office and aerostat manufacturing space at 700 Ridgewood Avenue, Units 207/208, Holly Hill, Florida with a lease commencement date of March 1, 2019. The monthly rent, including operating expenses and sales tax, for each year of the initial lease term is estimated to be $2,091.

 

Rent expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 was $83,914 and $65,995, respectively.

 

The Company acquired licenses to certain technology of Georgia Tech Research Corporation (“GTRC”) through its purchase of AFI’s assets on July 20, 2015 and through direct license from GTRC. The licenses are perpetual and if the technology is patented, are protected through the expiration date of the patented know-how. Two of the licenses require a minimum royalty of $1,500 per year. Royalties are based on vehicle weight and range from $12.50 to $75.00 per vehicle on one license and $25.00 to $150.00 per vehicle on another license.

 

On May 16, 2016, Banco Popular North America (“Banco”) filed a lawsuit in Duval County, Florida in the Circuit Court of the Fourth Judicial Circuit against Aerial Products Corporation d/b/a Southern Balloon Works (“Aerial Products”), Kevin M. Hess, the Company’s Chief Technology Officer, Lighter Than Air Systems Corp., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“LTAS”), and the Company to collect on a delinquent Small Business Administration loan that Banco made in 2007 to Aerial Products with Mr. Hess as the personal guarantor. Banco set a hearing on its Motion for Summary Judgment against Kevin Hess and Aerial Products on October 31, 2019 at which time Mr. Hess and Aerial Products Corporation were found jointly and severally liable for the delinquent loan. An order was entered in the case which dismissed all claims against the Company without prejudice.

 

There are no material claims, actions, suits, proceedings inquiries, labor disputes or investigations pending.

 

15. SUBSEQUENT EVENT

 

On November 12, 2019, upon approval of the Company’s board of directors, the Company issued pursuant to its 2015 Equity Plan, 2,300,000 shares of restricted common stock to officers, directors and a consultant for services provided and are subject to a change of control vesting condition. Daniyel Erdberg received 1,000,000 shares, Kendall Carpenter received 400,000 shares, Felicia Hess received 200,000 shares, Reginald Brown received 200,000 shares, Global Security & Innovative Strategies LLC (David Aguilar) received 100,000 shares, Timothy Hoechst received 100,000 shares, John Miller received 100,000 shares and the consultant received 200,000 shares.

 

17

 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Certain statements in Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”), other than historical information, including estimates, projections, statements relating to our business plans, objectives and expected operating results, and the assumptions upon which those statements are based, are “forward-looking statements”. Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, such as “may,” “would,” “expect,” “intend,” “could,” “estimate,” “should,” “anticipate,” “believe,” and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties which may cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements. These statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and developments beyond our control or foresight, including changes in the trends of the advanced aerostats and tethered drone industry, formation of competitors, changes in governmental regulation or taxation, changes in our personnel and other such factors. We undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise. Readers should carefully review the risk factors included under Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 22, 2019.

 

The following MD&A is intended to help readers understand the results of our operations and financial condition and is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, our Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements under Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

Growth and percentage comparisons made herein generally refer to the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2018 unless otherwise noted. Unless otherwise indicated or unless the context otherwise requires, all references in this document to “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company,” and similar expressions refer to Drone Aviation Holding Corp. and, depending on the context, its subsidiaries.

 

Business Overview

 

We design, develop, market, sell and provide logistical services for specialized tethered aerial monitoring and communications platforms serving national defense and security customers for use in applications including intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (“ISR”) and communications. We focus primarily on the development of a tethered aerostat known as the Winch Aerostat Small Platform (“WASP”) which is principally designed for military and security applications where they can provide secure and reliable aerial monitoring for extended durations while being tethered to the ground via a high strength armored tether.

 

We have steadfastly pursued a vision that rapid, persistent, mobile access to altitude is a force multiplier for military and national security operations. Our unique WASP technology fills what we believe to be significant gaps in the marketplace between the expensive military drones and large, non-mobile aerostat systems.

 

As a result of recent capital contributions from a select group of management and non-management investors and the elimination of a majority of our outstanding debt, we believe we are better able to position our business to seize opportunities that lay ahead. This investment also allowed us to provide much-needed increased production capacity, through a strategic relationship with an established ISO 9001-certified manufacturer and new production in Florida through the lease of an additional facility.

 

Highlighted by a $3.8 million WASP award, followed by $1.1 million award for WASP Lite systems and a recent contract valued at approximately $1.7 million gross revenue from the prime contractor as a follow-on to the $3.8 million contract awarded in December 2018, we have announced in excess of approximately $6.6 million gross revenue in new business in the first nine months of 2019. We have recognized $4.1 million gross revenue through September 30, 2019 and expect to recognize substantially all the remainder by the end of 2019. Assuming receipt of this revenue, this will represent a 144% increase over the approximately $2.7 million gross revenue reported the entire twelve months of 2018. These awards support our belief that the WASP is well positioned to address the challenges facing tier-one end users, including the U.S. Department of Defense and the Department of Homeland Security.

 

18

 

 

We have also increased marketing efforts and announced the following:

 

  On October 2, 2019, we announced that we delivered upgraded real-time video distribution technology for U.S. Army WASP aerostats
     
  On September 25, 2019, we announced that we delivered additional WASP aerostats in support of the United States Border Patrol: U.S. Customs and Border Protection
     
  On August 28, 2019, we announced that we received an allowance of patent for Conversion of Battery-Powered Drones into Ground-Powered Tethered Drones
     
  On August 13, 2019, we announced that we delivered the initial set of WASP aerostats in support of the United States Border Patrol: U.S. Customs and Border Protection
     
  On July 18, 2019, we announced that we delivered a $1.1 million WASP Lite contract for the U.S. Army to support deployed ground forces which was originally announced on May 7, 2019.
     
  On June 4, 2019, we announced that we been selected by a prime contractor for an additional $1.7 million award as a follow-on to the order announced on January 8, 2019.

 

In addition to our plans to organically grow our lighter than air systems through increased marketing and sales, we intend to continue to consider potential strategic transactions, which could involve acquisitions of businesses or assets, joint ventures or investments in businesses, products or technologies that expand, complement or otherwise relate to our current or future business.

 

Department of Homeland Security and Customs and Border Protection

 

In July 2018, we entered into an exclusive teaming agreement with a U.S. Government prime contractor which is the recipient of a previously awarded IDIQ (indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity) prime contract from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”). Under the terms of the teaming agreement:

 

  We agreed to work together to propose retrofit and new production of surveillance systems developed under the prime contract; and

 

  We agreed to provide the WASP aerostat, engineering support for WASP system integration, Field Service Representatives personnel support for WASP aerostat maintenance, training, WASP deployment, retrieval and movement, and warranty for WASP.

 

In December 2018, the prime contractor awarded us a subcontract valued at $3.8 million for six WASP aerostat systems, which we have previously announced. On June 4, 2019, we announced a $1.7 million follow on order from the prime contractor. These WASP powered surveillance systems are expected to be deployed at a CBP Border Patrol Sector on the southern border of the United States. There are 20 Border Patrol Sectors along U.S. borders, nine of which are located along the U.S. Southern border. We have begun production of the initial units at our facilities in Florida and at our ISO 9001-certified manufacturing partner’s facility. Deliveries began late in the second quarter of 2019 and will continue throughout 2019. We are working closely with the prime contractor to explore additional product and services opportunities in DHS and CBP under our exclusive teaming agreement.

 

Department of Defense

 

On May 7, 2019, we announced our first contract award for our newly designed aerostat product, the WASP Lite, from prime contractor ADS, Inc. for delivery to a U.S. Army customer. Under the terms of the award, valued in excess of $1.1 million gross revenue, we will supply multiple WASP Lite aerostat systems capable of enhancing and extending the modern networked battlefield supporting specialized waveform communications equipment and day/night ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance) payloads. The WASP Lite employs the same proprietary, advanced tethering technologies found in our WASP tactical aerostat for secure power and data transmission. Deliveries under this award commenced in July 2019.

 

19

 

 

Results of Operations

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2019 compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2018

 

Revenues: Revenues of $2,740,337 for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 increased $2,655,522, or 3,131%, from $84,815 for the same period in 2018. Sources of revenue were derived primarily from the delivery of the second two WASP systems to a prime contractor and related field services and from the delivery of four WASP Lite systems, including payloads and sustainment items. The revenue for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was primarily a result of the delivery of additional aerostats to an existing customer. We expect increased sales in future periods based on a product pipeline developed following our increased marketing efforts discussed in the Business Overview section above, including the order we announced in December 2018, valued in excess of $3.8 million, which is in production, with deliveries expected to be completed by the end of 2019.

   

Cost of Goods Sold and Gross Profit: Cost of goods sold of $1,364,794 for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 increased $1,313,207, or 2,546%, from $51,587 for the same period in 2018. Costs included materials, parts, labor and overhead associated with the delivery of the second two WASP systems and four WASP Lite systems. The $1,375,543 gross profit for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 was an increase of $1,342,315, or 4,040%, from the $33,228 in gross profit for the same quarter of 2018. Overall gross profit margins were 50% and 39% for the quarters ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Margins also vary based on lower margin third-party payloads; therefore, future margins may vary accordingly.

 

General and Administrative Expense: General and administrative expense primarily consists of payroll and related costs, sales and marketing costs, travel costs, business overhead and costs related to maintaining a public entity. General and administrative expense decreased overall by $354,624, or 31%, to $772,642 in the quarter ended September 30, 2019 from $1,127,266 for the same period in 2018. Contributing to the decrease was non-cash stock-based compensation of $50,166 which decreased $393,375 from $443,541 in the same period of 2018. Travel and meal expenses of $53,434 increased $25,381 and marketing expenses of $43,182 increased $16,829. General and Administrative expenses are expected to increase as the Company grows the labor force to meet product demand. Sales and marketing and travel related expenses are also expected to increase during 2019 in support of increased product demand.

 

Income from Operations: Income from operations of $602,901 for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 increased $1,696,939, or 155%, from loss from operations of $1,094,038 for the same period in 2018. The increase was primarily due to an increase in gross profit of $1,342,315 and by the decrease of general and administrative expense of $354,624 as discussed above.

 

Other Expense: Total other expense of $28,605 for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 was $67,223 less than the total other expense of $95,828 in the same period in 2018. This decrease was primarily due to interest expense on the related party notes payable which were settled in December 2018.

 

Net Income: Net income increased $1,764,162, or 148%, to $574,296 for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 from net loss of $1,189,866 for the same period in 2018. The increase in net income was due to factors discussed above.

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018

 

Revenues: Revenues of $4,120,834 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 increased $3,124,996, or 314%, from $995,838 for the same period in 2018. Sources of revenue were derived primarily from the delivery of the first four WASP systems to a prime contractor and related field services and the delivery of four WASP lite systems, including payloads and sustainment items. The revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 included delivery of a WASP system valued in excess of $800,000 to the U.S. Army. We expect increased sales in future periods based on a product pipeline developed following our increased marketing efforts discussed in the Business Overview section above, including the order we announced in December 2018, valued in excess of $3.8 million, which is in production with deliveries expected to be completed by the end of 2019.

 

20

 

 

Cost of Goods Sold and Gross Profit: Cost of goods sold of $1,769,606 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 increased $1,231,989, or 229%, from $537,617 for the same period in 2018. Costs included materials, parts, labor and overhead associated with the delivery of the first four WASP systems to a prime contractor and related field services and the delivery of four WASP lite systems, including payloads and sustainment items. The $2,351,228 gross profit for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was an increase of $1,893,007, or 413%, from the $458,221 in gross profit for the same period in 2018. Overall gross profit margins were 57% and 46% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Margins also vary based on lower margin third-party payloads; therefore, future margins may vary accordingly.

 

General and Administrative Expense: General and administrative expense primarily consists of payroll and related costs, sales and marketing costs, travel costs, business overhead and costs related to maintaining a public entity. General and administrative expense decreased $1,425,764, or 34%, to $2,732,430 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 from $4,158,194 for the same period in 2018. Contributing to the decrease was non-cash stock-based compensation of $164,178 which decreased $1,483,266 from $1,647,444 in the same period of 2018. Travel and meal expenses of $187,417 increased $17,859 and marketing expenses of $181,685 increased $49,590. General and Administrative expenses are expected to increase as the Company grows the labor force to meet product demand. Sales and marketing and travel related expenses are also expected to increase during 2019 in support of increased product demand. 

  

Loss from Operations: Loss from operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 decreased $3,318,771, or 90%, to $381,202 from loss from operations of $3,699,973 for the same period in 2018. The decrease was primarily due to an increase in gross profit of $1,893,007 and by the decrease of general and administrative expense of $1,425,764 as discussed above.

 

Other Expense: Total other expense of $93,862 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $150,421 less than the total other expense of $244,283 in the same period in 2018. This decrease was primarily due to interest expense on the related party notes payable which were settled in December 2018.

 

Net Loss: Net loss decreased $3,469,192, or 88%, to $475,064 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 from net loss of $3,944,256 for the same period in 2018. The decrease in net loss was due to factors discussed above.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Liquidity is the ability of an enterprise to generate adequate amounts of cash to meet its needs for cash requirements. As of September 30, 2019, the Company had $1,624,758 in cash, compared to $2,282,365 in cash at December 31, 2018, a decrease of $657,607. As of September 30, 2019, the Company had accounts receivable of $1,631,414, compared to $18,000 at December 31, 2018, an increase of $1,613,414 resulting from a sharp increase in revenue in September 2019.

 

The Company had total current assets of $4,470,135 and total current liabilities of $2,595,287 or working capital of $1,874,848 at September 30, 2019, compared to total current assets of $2,697,903 and total current liabilities of $2,485,024 or working capital of $212,879 at December 31, 2018.

 

We have historically financed our operations through operating revenues and sales of equity and convertible debt securities. Although as of September 30, 2019 we have cash of $1,624,758 and working capital of $1,874,848, we incurred a net loss of $475,064. Furthermore, the Company has a history of negative cash flow from operations, primarily due to historically heavy investment in research and development and costs associated with maintaining a public entity. We expect a substantial increase in revenues for the remainder of 2019. In 2018, the Company made a strategic decision to focus on its aerostats, WASP and WASP Lite, and opportunities for those products with military and government customers, resulting in an order valued in excess of $3.7 million which was announced in December 2018 and expected to be delivered by the end of 2019. To date in 2019, we have announced a $1.7 million follow on order to the $3.7 million order and a new order from the U.S. Army for $1.1 million. In December 2018 and January 2019, the Company raised over $4,000,000 through stock sales which will provide ample working capital to produce WASP systems. In December 2018, the holders of $5,000,000 in convertible notes exercised their rights to convert to equity leaving only $2,000,000 in bank debt on the books. As of September 30, 2019, the Company has $1,874,848 in positive working capital, an improvement of $1,661,969 over the working capital of $212,879 for the same period in 2018.

 

21

 

 

As of the date of this filing, we believe we have sufficient working capital, including cash on hand and accounts receivables, to continue our operations at the same level for the next 12 months. We may have to raise additional funds to effectuate all aspects of our business plan. We potentially will have to issue additional debt or equity or enter into a strategic arrangement with a third party to carry out some aspects of our business plan or potentially curtail some aspects of our future operations. If we need to raise additional funds through the issuance of equity, equity-related or convertible debt securities in the future, these securities may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of the rights of holders of our common stock. We cannot predict whether additional financing will be available to us on favorable terms when required, or at all. The issuance of additional common stock may have the effect of further diluting the proportionate equity interest and voting power of holders of our common stock. Historically, we have financed our cash needs by private placements of our securities and loans, bank financing and revenues from sales of our products. There is no assurance that we will be able to obtain financing on terms consistent with our past financings or satisfactory to us, if at all.

  

Other than the CNB Line of Credit as discussed below, we currently have no agreements, arrangements or understandings with any person to obtain funds through bank loans, lines of credit or any other sources. Consequently, our inability to raise funds to meet our expected working capital requirements will have a severe negative impact on our ability to remain a viable company. We are dependent upon our significant shareholders to provide or loan us funds to meet our working capital needs.

 

Revolving Line of Credit from City National Bank of Florida.

 

On August 2, 2017, the Company issued a promissory note to CNB in the principal amount of $2,000,000 (the “CNB Note”) with a maturity date of August 2, 2018. On September 29, 2019, the Company and CNB agreed to extend the maturity date of the promissory note to August 2, 2020. The Company evaluated the modification under the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (the “FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 470-50 and determined that it did not qualify as an extinguishment of debt. The CNB Note evidences the CNB Line of Credit with advances that may be requested by the Company until the maturity date of August 2, 2020 so long as no event of default exists under the CNB Note, the Company or Jay H. Nussbaum or his estate, the Company’s former Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, does not cease doing business, Mr. Nussbaum or his estate does not seek to revoke or modify his guarantee of the CNB Note, the Company does not misapply the proceeds of this loan or CNB in good faith does not believe itself insecure. The initial CNB Note bore an interest rate at a variable rate equal to 0.250 percentage points over the Wall Street Journal Prime Rate payable monthly. At renewal, the variable rate was modified to reflect the average of the interest rates per annum at which United States Dollars are offered in the London Interbank Borrowing Market (“Libor”) for a 30-day period (the “Index”) plus 2.9 percentage points over the Index, or a total of 5.09% annual interest rate as of August 29, 2019. The Company will pay to CNB a late charge of 5.0% of any monthly payment not received by CNB within 10 calendar days after its due date. The Company may prepay the CNB Note at any time without penalty. In the event of a default, the interest rate will increase to the highest lawful rate. The Company is obligated to maintain depository accounts with CNB with a minimum average annual balance of $1,600,000 in the aggregate with Mr. Nussbaum or his estate. In the event the Company does not maintain this account balance, CNB may charge the Company a fee equal to 2% of the deficiency as additional interest under the CNB Note. The CNB Note is personally guaranteed by Mr. Nussbaum and his estate pursuant to a written guarantee in favor of CNB. Mr. Nussbaum and his estate and the Company are obligated to maintain an aggregate unencumbered liquidity of no less than $6,000,000 in the form of cash, repurchase agreements, certificates of deposit or marketable securities acceptable to CNB. In addition, to secure the Company’s obligations under the CNB Note, the Company entered into a security agreement in favor of CNB encumbering all of the Company’s accounts, inventory and equipment along with an assignment of a bank account the Company maintains at CNB with a balance of $120,000. As of September 30, 2019, $2,000,000 has been drawn against the CNB Line of Credit. Accrued interest of $8,097 related to the CNB Line of Credit has been recorded as of September 30, 2019.

 

22

 

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements and notes have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company incurred a net loss of $475,064, generated positive cash flow from operations, has an accumulated deficit of $38,947,154 and working capital of $1,874,848.

 

The focus on opportunities for aerostats, the settlement of debt obligations, the funds generated from stock sales and other initiatives contributing to additional working capital should avoid any substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern as defined by FASB Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-05. We believe that the actions discussed above mitigate the substantial doubt raised by our recent operating losses and satisfy our estimated liquidity needs twelve months from the issuance of the financial statements. However, we cannot predict, with certainty, the outcome of our actions to generate liquidity and the failure to do so could negatively impact our future operations.

  

Sources and Uses of Cash

 

   Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   2019   2018 
Cash flows used in operating activities  $(2,461,331)  $(2,291,315)
Cash flows (used in) provided by investing activities   (104,026)   54,721 
Cash flows provided by financing activities   1,907,750    1,800,000 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents  $(657,607)  $(436,594)

  

Operating Activities

 

Net cash used in operating activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $2,461,331, which was a decrease of $170,016, or 7%, from $2,291,315 net cash used in operating activities for the same period in 2018. The net loss of $475,064 for the first nine months of 2019 was $3,469,192 less than the same period of 2018, which was a net loss of $3,944,256. In addition to the decreased net loss, the Company recognized $1,483,266 less non-cash stock-based compensation in the first nine months of 2019 than the same period in the 2018. During the first nine months of 2019, the Company’s accounts receivable increased by $1,613,414, inventory decreased by $518,722 and prepaid expenses increased by $297,703, primarily related to the production of WASP and WASP Lite systems that are being delivered between June 2019 and the end of the year.

 

Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $104,026 during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to $54,721 net cash provided by investing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company invested $20,133 in computers for new hires. The Company also invested $59,660 in new shop equipment, $1,266 in office furnishings and $22,967 in leasehold improvements, primarily in connection with the opening of a satellite location for aerostat manufacturing. 

 

Financing Activities

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was $1,907,750 during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to $1,800,000 net cash provided by debt borrowing for the same period in 2018. The aggregate consideration for the stock sales in January 2019 consisted of (1) cash in the aggregate amount of $1,432,750, (2) a promissory note from a single non-affiliate investor in the aggregate principal amount of $500,000, (3) a full-recourse promissory note payable by Daniyel Erdberg, the Company’s President, in the amount of $50,000, and (4) a full-recourse promissory note payable by Kendall Carpenter, the Company’s Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, in the amount of $25,000. Each note bears an interest rate at a fixed rate of 3% per annum and principal and interest under the notes may be prepaid at any time without penalty. The non-affiliate note was fully repaid on February 8, 2019, including $575 in accrued interest. Each of the Erdberg and Carpenter notes has a maturity date of January 25, 2020. The principal amount of the Carpenter note was reduced by $7,500 on January 28, 2019. On April 30, 2019, Kendall Carpenter repaid the remaining principal balance of the $17,500 note, including $134 in accrued interest. On April 30, 2019, Daniyel Erdberg entered into a Stock Redemption and Note Cancellation Agreement whereby the Company redeemed 100,000 shares of common stock paid pursuant to the note described above and cancelled the $50,000 note and the related $267 in accrued interest.

 

23

 

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that materially affect our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The Company’s accounting policies are more fully described in Note 1 of the Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on March 22, 2019. As disclosed therein, the preparation of the Company’s financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions about future events that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates. The Company believes that the following discussion addresses the Company’s most critical accounting policies, which are those that are most important to the portrayal of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations and require management’s most difficult, subjective and complex judgments.

  

Accounts Receivable and Credit Policies:

 

Accounts receivable-trade consists of amounts due from the sale of WASP tethered aerostat systems, accessories, spare parts, and refurbishments. Such accounts receivable are uncollateralized customer obligations due under normal trade terms requiring payment within 30 days of receipt of the invoice. We provide an allowance for doubtful accounts equal to the estimated uncollectible amounts based on historical collection experience and a review of the current status of trade accounts receivable. At September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, none of the Company’s accounts receivable-trade was deemed uncollectible.

 

Revenue Recognition and Unearned Revenue:

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09 (Topic 606), “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” Topic 606 supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605, “Revenue Recognition” and requires entities to recognize revenues when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The principles in the standard are applied in five steps: 1) identify the contract(s) with a customer; 2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; 3) determine the transaction price; 4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and 5) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. We adopted Topic 606 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method. We recognized the cumulative effect of adopting this guidance as an adjustment to our opening balance of retained earnings. Prior periods will not be retrospectively adjusted. The adoption of Topic 606 does not have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements, including the presentation of revenues in our Consolidated Statements of Operations, which were not broken down by revenue stream or geographic areas since the Company only sells within the United States and has only one revenue stream.

 

Employee Stock-Based Compensation:

 

We account for stock-based compensation in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 718, “Compensation-Stock Compensation.” ASC 718 requires companies to measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments, including stock options, based on the grant-date fair value of the award and to recognize it as compensation expense over the period the employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award, usually the vesting period.

 

24

 

  

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation – Stock Based Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2018-7”), which aligns accounting for share-based payments issued to nonemployees to that of employees under the existing guidance of Topic 718, with certain exceptions. This update supersedes previous guidance for equity-based payments to nonemployees under Subtopic 505-50, Equity – Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees. The adoption of ASU 2018-07 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, which will amend current lease accounting to require lessees to recognize (i) a lease liability, which is a lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis, and (ii) a right-of-use asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the least term. ASU 2016-02 does not significantly change lease accounting requirements applicable to lessors; however, certain changes were made to align, where necessary, lessor accounting with the lessee accounting model. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of ASU 2016-02 resulted in $116,876 and $$72,887 initial recognition of ROU assets and lease liabilities as of January 1 and March 1, 2019, respectively. The ending balance of ROU assets and lease liabilities as of September 30, 2019 are $122,802 and $123,676, respectively.

 

Other than those pronouncements, management does not believe that there are any other recently issued, but not effective, accounting standards which, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements.

   

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURE ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

As a smaller reporting company, as that term is defined in Item 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K, we are not required to provide information required by this Item.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures.

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15 under the Exchange Act as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

 

Management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, performed an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2019. Based on that evaluation, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of September 30, 2019 for the reasons discussed below. In addition, management identified the following material weaknesses in its assessment of the effectiveness of disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2019:

 

The Company did not effectively segregate certain accounting duties due to the small size of its accounting staff.

 

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of control deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim consolidated financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Notwithstanding the determination that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective, as of December 31, 2018, and that there was a material weakness as identified in this Quarterly Report, we believe that our unaudited consolidated financial statements contained in this Quarterly Report fairly present our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for periods covered thereby in all material respects.

 

We expect to be dependent upon our Chief Financial Officer, who is knowledgeable and experienced in the application of U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, to maintain our disclosure controls and procedures and the preparation of our financial statements for the foreseeable future. We plan to increase the size of our accounting staff at the appropriate time for our business and its size to ameliorate our concern that we do not effectively segregate certain accounting duties, which we believe would resolve the material weakness in disclosure controls and procedures, but there can be no assurances as to the timing of any such action or that we will be able to do so.

 

(b) Changes in internal control over financial reporting.

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2019 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

   

25

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings which arise in the ordinary course of business. Except as discussed below, we are not currently aware of any such legal proceedings or claims that we believe will have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or operating results.

 

Banco Popular North America. v Aerial Products Corporation d/b/a Southern Balloon Works, et al. (Fourth Judicial Circuit Court, Duval County Florida-Civil Division) Case No. 16:2016:CA-003343

 

On May 16, 2016, Banco Popular North America (“Banco”) filed a lawsuit in Duval County, Florida in the Circuit Court of the Fourth Judicial Circuit against Aerial Products Corporation d/b/a Southern Balloon Works (“Aerial Products”), Kevin M. Hess, the Company’s Chief Technology Officer, Lighter Than Air Systems Corp., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“LTAS”), and the Company to collect on a delinquent Small Business Administration loan that Banco made in 2007 to Aerial Products with Mr. Hess as the personal guarantor. Banco set a hearing on its Motion for Summary Judgment against Kevin Hess and Aerial Products on October 31, 2019 at which time Mr. Hess and Aerial Products Corporation were found jointly and severally liable for the delinquent loan. An order was entered in the case which dismissed all claims against the Company without prejudice.

 

There are no material claims, actions, suits, proceedings inquiries, labor disputes or investigations pending.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Smaller reporting companies are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

On November 12, 2019, upon approval of the Company’s board of directors, the Company issued pursuant to its 2015 Equity Plan, 2,300,000 shares of restricted common stock to officers, directors and a consultant for services provided and are subject to a change of control vesting condition. Daniyel Erdberg received 1,000,000 shares, Kendall Carpenter received 400,000 shares, Felicia Hess received 200,000 shares, Reginald Brown received 200,000 shares, Global Security & Innovative Strategies LLC (David Aguilar) received 100,000 shares, Timothy Hoechst received 100,000 shares, John Miller received 100,000 shares and the consultant received 200,000 shares.

 

On September 4, 2019, the Company entered into a Stock Redemption Agreement with Director Robert Guerra concurrent with his resignation from the board of directors. The Company reacquired the 100,000 shares of common stock for $50,000, the same price Mr. Guerra purchased the shares for on January 25, 2019.

 

On January 25, 2019, the Company completed the sale of 4,015,500 shares of its common stock pursuant to the Amended and Restated Stock Purchase Agreement dated December 21, 2018 at $0.50 per share for an aggregate of $2,007,750 in cash and subscription notes receivable. On April 30, 2019, Daniyel Erdberg entered into a Stock Redemption and Note Cancellation Agreement whereby the Company redeemed 100,000 shares of common stock paid pursuant to the note described above and cancelled the $50,000 note and the related $267 in accrued interest.

 

26

 

 

On March 20, 2019, the Company’s board of directors approved option grants to two employees outside its 2015 Equity Plan. One grant, relating to the option to purchase 30,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, vests after one year, and one grant, relating to the option to purchase 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, vests after two years. These stock options have an exercise price of $1.06 per share and expire on March 20, 2023.

 

On March 20, 2019, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock outside its 2015 Equity Plan to a contractor for services. This warrant has an exercise price of $1.06 per share and an expiration date of March 20, 2023, and vests after one year.

 

The Company issued the securities noted above in reliance upon the exemption from registration contained in Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and/or Regulation D promulgated thereunder. Accordingly, the shares are subject to certain restrictions and may not be offered or sold in the United States absent registration or an applicable exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act and other applicable securities laws.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

  

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

  (a) None.

 

  (b) There have been no material changes to the procedures by which security holders may recommend nominees to our Board of Directors since the filing of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019.

 

Item 6. EXHIBITS

 

The following exhibits are filed as a part of this report or incorporated herein by reference:

 

        Incorporation by Reference       Filed or
Exhibit Number   Exhibit Description   Form   Filing
Date
  Exhibit Number   SEC File
No.
  Furnished
Herewith
10.1   Amendment to Form of Nonqualified Stock Option Agreement           X
10.2   Form of Drone Aviation Holding Corp. Restricted Stock Agreement           X
31.1   Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002           X
31.2   Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002           X
32.1   Certifications of the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002           X
101 INS   XBRL Instance Document           X
101 SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document           X
101 CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document           X
101 LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Labels Linkbase Document           X
101 PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document           X
101 DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document           X

 

27

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  DRONE AVIATION HOLDING CORP.
     
Date: November 14, 2019 By: /s/ DANIYEL ERDBERG
    Daniyel Erdberg
    Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: November 14, 2019 By: /s/ KENDALL CARPENTER
    Kendall Carpenter
    Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer and
Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

28